This week, the federal government determined to increase the COVID-19 vaccination drive and opened it for everybody above 18 years of age, beginning Might 1. India is presently witnessing an unrelenting surge in COVID infections. Individuals ought to get vaccinated as quickly as they’ll, say consultants. Dr Srinivas G. Kasi, a senior guide pediatrician primarily based in Bengaluru with particular curiosity in vaccinology, solutions some incessantly requested questions round COVID vaccination.
Do I’ve an possibility of selecting which vaccine I can take?
Initially, vaccination facilities had just one model of the COVID-19 vaccine, therefore the choice of selecting a specific model didn’t come up. Now, if a centre administers two vaccines, some states have allowed beneficiaries to decide on. The CoWin platform, nonetheless, doesn’t enable a beneficiary to decide on between the vaccines.
My first dose was that of Covishield, can I take a shot of Covaxin because the second dose or vice-versa?
No. Covaxin and Covisheld are primarily based on completely different platforms. Covaxin is an inactivated vaccine whereas Covishied relies on viral vector platform. It’s essential to take the identical shot the second time to develop immunity.
I examined optimistic for COVID-19 after taking the primary vaccine dose. How lengthy ought to I wait earlier than I take the second dose of vaccine? Or will I’ve to take each doses once more?
The advice is to attend for not less than 4 weeks after restoration from COVID signs earlier than taking the subsequent dose of the vaccine. There is no such thing as a want to start out the schedule yet again.
Between the primary and second dose of the vaccine, is there any explicit eating regimen I ought to observe?
No, common eating regimen is to be adopted.
I’m pregnant, ought to I get vaccinated?
Research have proven that pregnant ladies with COVID-19 have an elevated danger of extreme sickness and therefore should be prioritized for COVID vaccines. Each obtainable vaccines are non-replicating vaccines and no proof exists of danger to the fetus from vaccinating pregnant ladies with non-replicating vaccines generally. No security research have been performed in pregnant ladies. The Ministry of Well being, Authorities of India, doesn’t suggest COVID vaccines for pregnant ladies. Nevertheless, the Worldwide Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) has opined that there are not any precise or theoretical dangers that may outweigh the potential advantages of vaccination for pregnant ladies. FIGO recommends COVID-19 vaccination to pregnant and breastfeeding ladies. The USA and UK well being authorities additionally suggest COVID vaccines to pregnant ladies after a one-to-one dialogue.
I’ve recovered from COVID-19 an infection. Do I have to get vaccinated?
Sure, it’s advisable to obtain the entire schedule of COVID-19 vaccine regardless of previous historical past of an infection with COVID-19. Growth of immunity or length of safety after COVID-19 publicity shouldn’t be established, subsequently, with a purpose to enhance your immunity, it is strongly recommended to obtain vaccine even after COVID-19 an infection.
Are there any side-effects of vaccines? What are they? Are they regular?
As with all different vaccine, minor side-effects have been reported after COVID vaccination. These embrace arm soreness, delicate fever, tiredness, complications, muscle or joint aches. Inspite of the incidence of extraordinarily uncommon antagonistic results (1-2 per million vaccinees), the profit danger ratio is vastly in favour of administering the vaccine.
I’ve taken the second dose of vaccine as nicely. Will the immunity final endlessly or do I want a booster shot?
At current, there isn’t any advice for booster doses after finishing the first schedule. Protecting antibody titers are anticipated to final for 6-12 months. Nevertheless, safety by the T-cells is predicted to last more. Solely long-term observe up of the vaccinated cohorts within the trials and observe up of the vaccinated inhabitants will give a solution concerning the necessity for boosters. Research are underway to evaluate the response and security of booster doses.
Do youngsters have to get vaccinated as nicely?
Kids haven’t been prioritized for COVID vaccination for 2 causes. First, there isn’t any information on the efficacy and security of COVID vaccine in youngsters. Second, youngsters have a decrease danger of buying COVID an infection and a low danger of extreme COVID and hospitalization. Nevertheless, close to normalcy can’t be achieved with out acquisition of herd immunity. Herd immunity can happen provided that 65-70 per cent of the inhabitants is immune and this can’t be achieved with out vaccinating youngsters. Furthermore, education and different childhood actions can’t be safely resumed, with out defending youngsters with vaccines.
Can I devour alcohol a day earlier than, on the day or a day after I’ve taken a vaccine shot?
Sure, carefully, as alcohol can suppress the immune response.
I’m on remedy for co-morbidities, do I have to cease taking the medicines earlier than or after vaccination?
No. All drugs are to be continued. There is no such thing as a have to cease any drugs.
I’ve taken each doses of the vaccine. Do I nonetheless have to put on a masks whereas stepping out?
Sure. Safety conferred by vaccines shouldn’t be absolute. Social distancing, masking and hand hygiene is to be continued after vaccination as nicely.