NASA has launched video of the Ingenuity Mars helicopter’s second flight, a extra formidable check because the Jet Propulsion Laboratory workforce experiments with simply what’s potential for powered plane on different planets. The check passed off on April 22, including a number of new components to the flight-plan in comparison with the historical past first try made again on April 19.
Then, Ingenuity turned the first instance of powered, managed flight of an plane on a unique planet to our personal. Though the helicopter – which traveled as much as Mars within the stomach of the Perseverance rover – carries no particular scientific devices itself, future missions might use the outcomes of its check flights to do aerial reconnaissance and extra.
That’s one thing for the long run: for now, Ingenuity prolonged its flight time nearly by double. After taking off, it rose to 16 ft – up from the earlier 10 ft of the primary check – after which hovered briefly. After tilting to a 5-degree angle, it flew sideways for 7 ft.
Following some turns in place, pointing its digicam round at totally different angles, the helicopter returned to the Martian floor safely. In complete, it spent 51.9 seconds within the air, versus 30 seconds of the preliminary flight.
Perseverance was positioned at a protected distance away, observing the trial with its cameras from round 211 ft throughout Jezero Crater. That concurrently helps keep away from any shadowing of the helicopter and its photo voltaic panels, that are used to cost Ingenuity’s batteries, and to decrease the chance of harm to the rover ought to one thing go unsuitable whereas it’s airborne. Since Perseverance’s Mastcam-Z system has a zoom lens, it may well nonetheless make out the helicopter from throughout the crater.
In complete, Ingenuity’s mission on Mars is scheduled to run for round a month. Nevertheless, it’s potential that the helicopter itself might outlast that, and stay operational for a while longer. We’ve seen that occur with a lot of NASA’s initiatives, together with the InSight rover that’s additionally on Mars. It was initially meant to run for 709 solo, or the equal of 728 Earth days, however has already greater than 100 sols longer than that.
Though the flexibility to carry out managed, powered flight on Mars is the large purpose of the Ingenuity venture, it’s not the one demonstration the helicopter is giving. One of many key components was its building, with a mixture of customized elements and off-the-shelf elements used each within the title of effectivity and cost-effectiveness. A lot of the expertise has shut parallels with smartphone tech, for instance.
The Qualcomm Flight Platform, for instance, has been tailored to be used on Mars, with a Snapdragon chipset powering autonomous operations. Bosch’s accelerometer and gyroscope sensors are additionally discovered onboard the helicopter, used for monitoring pace and path, and serving to keep total stability. As a result of distance between Mars and Earth, and the latencies concerned in getting a sign backwards and forwards, the Jet Propulsion Laboratory workforce answerable for Ingenuity can not pilot it manually. As an alternative, they load the mission standards forward of time, and the helicopter flies itself autonomously.
The JPL is now engaged on placing collectively a 3rd flight mission, which is able to push the envelope a bit additional nonetheless.